R Programming Language

What is R?

R is a programming language and software environment for statistical computing and graphics. It is widely used by statisticians, data scientists, and researchers for data analysis, statistical modeling, and data visualization. R is open-source, which means it is freely available and has a large community of contributors who develop and maintain packages for various analytics tasks.

Example of R usage: Linear Regression

Linear regression is a fundamental statistical technique used to model the relationship between a dependent variable (response) and one or more independent variables (predictors). In this example, we’ll use R to perform a simple linear regression analysis on a sample dataset.

1. Install and load required packages:

To perform linear regression in R, we’ll use the built-in dataset mtcars. First, let’s load the required packages.

# Load the required package

2. Load and explore the dataset:

Now, we can load and explore the mtcars dataset, which contains information about various car models, including their miles per gallon (mpg) and horsepower (hp).

# Load the dataset

# Display the first few rows of the dataset

3. Perform linear regression:

To perform linear regression, we’ll use the lm() function in R. We’ll create a model where miles per gallon (mpg) is the dependent variable and horsepower (hp) is the independent variable.

# Perform linear regression
model <- lm(mpg ~ hp, data = mtcars)

# Display the model summary

4. Interpret the results:

The model summary will display the coefficients, R-squared, and other statistics. In this example, the coefficient for hp is -0.06823, indicating a negative relationship between horsepower and miles per gallon. The R-squared value is 0.6024, which means that about 60.24% of the variation in mpg can be explained by the horsepower.


To learn more about R and its applications for data analysis, you can explore the following resources: