What is Adversarial Training?
Adversarial Training is a technique used to improve the robustness of machine learning models, particularly deep learning models, against adversarial examples. It involves augmenting the training set with adversarial examples and training the model on the augmented dataset. This forces the model to learn features that are more invariant to adversarial perturbations, making it less susceptible to attacks.
How does Adversarial Training work?
The main steps of adversarial training are:
- Generate adversarial examples for the current training batch using an attack method, such as FGSM or PGD.
- Combine the original training batch with the generated adversarial examples.
- Train the model on the combined dataset, updating its weights based on the loss computed on both original and adversarial examples.
- Repeat the process for each training batch until the model converges.
Example of adversarial training in Python with TensorFlow:
import tensorflow as tf from tensorflow.keras.datasets import mnist from tensorflow.keras.models import Sequential from tensorflow.keras.layers import Conv2D, MaxPooling2D, Flatten, Dense from tensorflow.keras.losses import SparseCategoricalCrossentropy # Load the MNIST dataset (X_train, y_train), (X_test, y_test) = mnist.load_data() X_train, X_test = X_train / 255.0, X_test / 255.0 X_train = X_train[..., tf.newaxis] X_test = X_test[..., tf.newaxis] # Define the model architecture model = Sequential([ Conv2D(32, (3, 3), activation='relu', input_shape=(28, 28, 1)), MaxPooling2D((2, 2)), Conv2D(64, (3, 3), activation='relu'), MaxPooling2D((2, 2)), Flatten(), Dense(128, activation='relu'), Dense(10) ]) # Compile the model model.compile(optimizer='adam', loss=SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True), metrics=['accuracy']) # Define the adversarial training loop for epoch in range(epochs): for batch in range(num_batches): # Generate adversarial examples for the current training batch x_batch, y_batch = get_training_batch(batch) x_batch_adv = generate_adversarial_examples(x_batch, model) # Combine the original training batch with the adversarial examples x_combined = tf.concat([x_batch, x_batch_adv], axis=0) y_combined = tf.concat([y_batch, y_batch], axis=0) # Train the model on the combined dataset model.train_on_batch(x_combined, y_combined) # Evaluate the model on the test set model.evaluate(X_test, y_test)