# How to Change All the Values of a Column in a Pandas DataFrame

## What is Pandas?

Before we dive into how to change column values, let’s briefly review what Pandas is and what it can do. Pandas is a Python library that provides data structures for efficiently storing and manipulating data. It is particularly useful for working with tabular data, such as CSV files or SQL database tables. Pandas provides a variety of functions for performing operations on data, including filtering, sorting, grouping, and aggregation.

## How to Change All the Values of a Column in Pandas

Changing all the values of a column in Pandas is a straightforward process. Here are the general steps:

- Select the column you want to change.
- Use the
`.apply()`

method to apply a function to each value in the column. - Assign the new values back to the column.

Let’s walk through each step in more detail.

### Step 1: Select the Column

To select a column in Pandas, you can use the bracket notation with the column name as the key. For example, if you have a DataFrame `df`

with a column named `age`

, you can select the column like this:

```
age_column = df['age']
```

### Step 2: Apply a Function to Each Value

Once you have selected the column, you can use the `.apply()`

method to apply a function to each value in the column. The function should take a single argument, which will be the current value of the column. It should return the new value that you want to replace the current value with.

For example, let’s say you want to replace all the values in the `age`

column with their square roots. You could define a function like this:

```
import numpy as np
def sqrt(x):
return np.sqrt(x)
```

Then, you can use the `.apply()`

method to apply this function to each value in the `age`

column:

```
new_age_column = age_column.apply(sqrt)
```

This will create a new Series `new_age_column`

with the square root of each value in the `age`

column.

### Step 3: Assign the New Values Back to the Column

Finally, you can assign the new values back to the original column. You can do this by using the bracket notation to select the column, and then assigning the new Series to it. For example:

```
df['age'] = new_age_column
```

This will replace the `age`

column in the original DataFrame `df`

with the new values.

## Example: Changing Column Values in a DataFrame

Let’s look at a more concrete example to see how this works in practice. Suppose we have a DataFrame `df`

with two columns, `name`

and `age`

, like this:

```
import pandas as pd
df = pd.DataFrame({
'name': ['Alice', 'Bob', 'Charlie'],
'age': [25, 30, 35]
})
```

Suppose we want to change the values in the `age`

column to their square roots. We can follow the three steps we outlined above:

```
import numpy as np
# Step 1: Select the column
age_column = df['age']
# Step 2: Apply a function to each value
def sqrt(x):
return np.sqrt(x)
new_age_column = age_column.apply(sqrt)
# Step 3: Assign the new values back to the column
df['age'] = new_age_column
```

After running these three steps, the `df`

DataFrame will have the following values:

```
name age
0 Alice 5.000000
1 Bob 5.477226
2 Charlie 5.916080
```

As you can see, the values in the `age`

column have been replaced with their square roots.

## Conclusion

In this post, we’ve discussed how to change all the values of a column in Pandas. We’ve outlined the three general steps:

- Select the column you want to change.
- Use the
`.apply()`

method to apply a function to each value in the column. - Assign the new values back to the column.

We’ve also provided an example to help you understand the process. We hope this post has been helpful in your data manipulation and analysis tasks.

#### About Saturn Cloud

Saturn Cloud is your all-in-one solution for data science & ML development, deployment, and data pipelines in the cloud. Spin up a notebook with 4TB of RAM, add a GPU, connect to a distributed cluster of workers, and more. Request a demo today to learn more.