What is Gzip Compression?
Why Use Amazon S3 and CloudFront?
Amazon S3 (Simple Storage Service) is a scalable object storage service. It’s perfect for storing and retrieving any amount of data from anywhere on the web. On the other hand, Amazon CloudFront is a fast content delivery network (CDN) service that securely delivers data, videos, applications, and APIs to your users globally with low latency and high transfer speeds. Combining these two services allows you to efficiently serve compressed static files.
Step 1: Gzip Your Files
gzip command in the terminal:
gzip -k -9 yourfile.css gzip -k -9 yourfile.js
-k option will keep your original files, and
-9 optimizes the compression level.
Step 2: Upload to Amazon S3
Next, upload the gzipped files to your S3 bucket. Make sure to set the
Content-Encoding metadata to
Step 3: Set Up CloudFront
Create a new CloudFront distribution with your S3 bucket as the origin. Make sure to forward the
Accept-Encoding header. By forwarding this header, CloudFront only serves compressed content to clients that can handle it.
Step 4: Test Your Setup
curl -I -H "Accept-Encoding: gzip" https://your-cloudfront-url/yourfile.css
You should see the
Content-Encoding: gzip header in the response.
Remember, every byte matters in web development. So, start compressing and see the difference!
- Amazon S3 Documentation: https://aws.amazon.com/s3/
- Amazon CloudFront Documentation: https://aws.amazon.com/cloudfront/
- Gzip Compression: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gzip
- Google PageSpeed Insights: https://developers.google.com/speed/pagespeed/insights/
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